The 1996 fatwa [recognizing "Sunni Islam" as the official religion of Malaysia] was a pivotal turning point that paved the way for subsequent efforts at "othering" the Shia minority, and through this to discredit and deny them their human rights. That the fatwa was a federal initiative--rather than a state one--ought to have raised warning bells about the central government overstapping its boundaries and encroaching on to the jurisdiction state governments had over Islam. The debate touched on the historical differences between the Sunnis and Shias, or, "sects being treated as religious phenomenon", and it resulted in tremendous bias against the Shias.
2021 Apr 05
Shia Influence in the Axiology of Malay Culture.” International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology, 17, 1, Pp. 99-119. Publisher's VersionAbstract. 2020. “
Over the years, there are various research on cultural development seen from socio-historical perspective. The uniqueness of Islam in Malay region as it is diverse and open to outside influences is important to be look at; as it differs greatly from “the Islam” that have been practiced in the Middle East. Based on the discussions, the ulemas or Muslim clerics of this region and the Malays themselves have already practiced the supra-madhhab model as proposed by many contemporary scholars. Using Shia influences in the Malay culture, this paper attempt to show how sectarianism within Islam was never entertained by the Muslims in this region. In fact, Shi‟ism was so embedded in Malay culture. Although being dominated by Sunnism, most of the Shia doctrines and pillars were widely accepted and embraced. The axiology of Shi‟ism in Malay culture reflected in many religious texts, classical literature and cultural events. However, as sectarianism rising in this region, the Shia influence and its axiology slowly eroded and were victimized by unnecessary foreign interventions.
Sunni-Shia Reconciliation in Malaysia.” In Alternative Voices in Muslim Southeast Asia: Discourses and Struggles. Singapore: ISEAS.Abstract. 2020. “
Three Messages for World Humanitarian Day 2018.” JustGiving Blog. Publisher's VersionAbstract. 8/2/2018. “
World Humanitarian Day, which takes place on 19th of August every year is a reminder for us to appreciate those who serve others, and to value the survival, well-being and dignity of people affected by crises. As a global Goodwill Ambassador for the Zahra Trust, a UK based charity (which enjoys a special consultative status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations), I am privileged to be able to work in support of the charity’s various humanitarian initiatives as I travel to deliver lectures around the world throughout the year.